Nation

India’s ‘skeleton lake’ contains bones of mysterious European migrants: Study

The mysterious skeletons of Roopkund Lake in Uttarakhand contain bones from an enigmatic group of eastern Mediterranean people that travelled to the Indian Himalayan site around 220 years ago, a large-scale study conducted by an international team of scientists has revealed.

The study, published in the journal Nature Communications, found that the skeletons of Roopkund Lake belong to genetically highly distinct groups that died in multiple periods in at least two episodes separated by one thousand years.

Situated at over 5000 metres above sea-level in the Indian Himalayas, Roopkund Lake has long puzzled researchers due to the presence of skeletal remains from several hundred ancient humans, scattered in and around the lake’s shores, earning it the nickname Skeleton Lake or Mystery Lake.

“Roopkund Lake has long been subject to speculation about who these individuals were, what brought them to Roopkund Lake, and how they died,” said Niraj Rai, of the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.

The research reveals that the site has an even more complex history than imagined.

Ancient DNA obtained from the skeletons of Roopkund Lake — representing the first ancient DNA ever reported from India — reveals that they derive from at least three distinct genetic groups.

“We first became aware of the presence of multiple distinct groups at Roopkund after sequencing the mitochondrial DNA of 72 skeletons,” said Kumarasamy Thangaraj from the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in Hyderabad.

“While many of the individuals possessed mitochondrial haplogroups typical of present-day Indian populations, we also identified a large number of individuals with haplogroups that would be more typical of populations from West Eurasia,” said Thangaraj, who started the project more than a decade ago.

Whole genome sequencing of 38 individuals revealed that there were at least three distinct groups among the Roopkund skeletons.

The first group is composed of 23 individuals with ancestries that are related to people from present-day India, who do not appear to belong to a single population, but instead derived from many different groups.

Surprisingly, the second largest group is made up of 14 individuals with ancestry that is most closely related to people who live in the eastern Mediterranean, especially present-day Crete and Greece.

A third individual has ancestry that is more typical of that found in Southeast Asia.

“We were extremely surprised by the genetics of the Roopkund skeletons. The presence of individuals with ancestries typically associated with the eastern Mediterranean suggests that Roopkund Lake was not just a site of local interest, but instead drew visitors from across the globe,” said Eadaoin Harney of Harvard University in the US.

Stable isotope dietary reconstruction of the skeletons also supports the presence of multiple distinct groups.

“Individuals belonging to the Indian-related group had highly variable diets, showing reliance on C3 and C4 derived food sources. These findings are consistent with the genetic evidence that they belonged to a variety of socioeconomic groups in South Asia,” said Ayushi Nayak of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Germany.

“In contrast, the individuals with eastern Mediterranean-related ancestry appear to have consumed a diet with very little millet,” Nayak said.

The findings also revealed a second surprise about the skeletons of Roopkund Lake, researchers said.

Radiocarbon dating indicates that the skeletons were not deposited at the same time, as previously assumed.

Instead, the study finds that the two major genetic groups were actually deposited approximately 1000 years apart.

First, during the 7th-10th centuries, individuals with Indian-related ancestry died at Roopkund, possibly during several distinct events, researchers said.

It was not until sometime during around 1800 AD that the other two groups, likely composed of travellers from the eastern Mediterranean and Southeast Asia arrived at Roopkund Lake, they said.

“This finding shows the power of radiocarbon dating, as it had previously been assumed that the skeletons of Roopkund Lake were the result of a single catastrophic event,” said Douglas J Kennett of the University of California, Santa Barbara in the US.

“It is still not clear what brought these individuals to Roopkund Lake or how they died. We hope that this study represents the first of many analyses of this mysterious site,” Rai added.

458 Comments

458 Comments

  1. Pingback: 메이저바카라

  2. Pingback: cbd oil for pain

  3. Pingback: cbd oil for cats

  4. Pingback: chihuahua puppies for sale

  5. Pingback: beagle puppies

  6. Pingback: french bulldog puppies

  7. Pingback: pdr cluj

  8. Pingback: recharges tricks

  9. Pingback: Fake watches

  10. Pingback: دردشة مجانية

  11. Pingback: mksorb.com

  12. Pingback: top10best.io

  13. Pingback: Plus Size Teen

  14. Pingback: Kratom near me

  15. Pingback: Sell rolex

  16. Pingback: diamond engagement rings

  17. Pingback: 먹튀검증

  18. Pingback: Corgi puppies

  19. Pingback: Apparel For Dogs

  20. Pingback: книги в сша

  21. Pingback: Book Store Near Me

  22. Pingback: 먹튀헌터

  23. Pingback: Pass PMP

  24. Pingback: MKsOrb

  25. Pingback: Windows

  26. Pingback: Buy Cannabis Online

  27. Pingback: Dank Carts

  28. Pingback: Mario Carts THC Cartridges

  29. Pingback: Exotic Carts

  30. Pingback: ahmedabad escort service

  31. Pingback: Brass Knuckles Vape Pen

  32. Pingback: indian visa application

  33. Pingback: indian visa

  34. Pingback: indian visa online

  35. Pingback: india visa application

  36. Pingback: Yorkshire Terrier Puppies For Sale Near Me

  37. Pingback: Shiba Inu

  38. Pingback: Australian Shepherd

  39. Pingback: Golden Retriever

  40. Pingback: Cavachon Puppies For Sale

  41. Pingback: Maltese

  42. Pingback: Shih Tzu Puppies For Sale Near Me

  43. Pingback: Link

  44. Pingback: Click here

  45. Pingback: more info here

  46. Pingback: Coolsculpting

  47. Pingback: 토토사이트

  48. Pingback: Best Counterfeit Money For Sale

  49. Pingback: digital lead generation strategies hong kong

  50. Pingback: Vishwas Thakkar

  51. Pingback: seo training services Hong kong

  52. Pingback: new zealand eta

  53. Pingback: new zealand visa

  54. Pingback: Pembroke Welsh Corgi Puppies

  55. Pingback: Pitbull Dog For Sale

  56. Pingback: Bengal Kittens

  57. Pingback: Russian Blue Kittens For Sale

  58. Pingback: Munchkin Kittens For Sale Florida

  59. Pingback: Kittens For Sale Near Me

  60. Pingback: شحن v-bucks

  61. Pingback: Dog Breed

  62. Pingback: Border Collie Puppies For Sale Near Me

  63. Pingback: Basset

  64. Pingback: Terrier Dogs

  65. Pingback: Doberman Dog

  66. Pingback: Alaskan Malamute Puppies

  67. Pingback: Samoyed Puppy

  68. Pingback: Cannabis Oil

  69. Pingback: THC Cartridges

  70. Pingback: Cheap Chihuahua Puppies For Sale

  71. Pingback: Teacup Pug Puppies For Sale

  72. Pingback: Boston Terrier Dog

  73. Pingback: Miniature English Bulldog Puppies For Sale Near Me

  74. Pingback: French Bull Dogs For Sale

  75. Pingback: Medical Marijuana

  76. Pingback: Medical Marijuana

  77. Pingback: Rick Simpson Oil

  78. Pingback: Hybrid Strains

  79. Pingback: Indica Strains

  80. Pingback: Sativa Strains

  81. Pingback: Cannabis Oil for Sale

  82. Pingback: Acapulco Gold Strain

  83. Pingback: Banana Kush Strain

  84. Pingback: Cinderella 99 Strain

  85. Pingback: Death Star Strain

  86. Pingback: Golden Goat Strain

  87. Pingback: Pineapple Express Strain

  88. Pingback: Maui Waui Strain

  89. Pingback: Cannatonic Strain

  90. Pingback: Alien Kush Strain

  91. Pingback: Cherry Pie Strain

  92. Pingback: White Shark Strain

  93. Pingback: True Og Strain

  94. Pingback: Blue Cheese Strain

  95. Pingback: Blueberrry Strain

  96. Pingback: Hawaiian Snow Strain

  97. Pingback: Valentine X Strain

  98. Pingback: G13 Strain

  99. Pingback: Black Jack Strain

  100. Pingback: Chemdawg Strain

  101. Pingback: King Kung Kush Strain

  102. Pingback: Obama Og Kush Strain

  103. Pingback: Head Cheese Strain

  104. Pingback: Wedding Cake Strain

  105. Pingback: Gelato Strain

  106. Pingback: Tangerine Dream Strain

  107. Pingback: Romulan Strain

  108. Pingback: Sour Tangie Strain

  109. Pingback: Henry Viii Strain

  110. Pingback: Cherry Ak 47 Strain

  111. Pingback: Honey Comb Strain

  112. Pingback: Conspiracy Kush Strain

  113. Pingback: Super Silve Sour Diesel Strain

  114. Pingback: Lsd Strain

  115. Pingback: Big Wreck Strain

  116. Pingback: Amnesia Strain

  117. Pingback: Wiz Khalifa Og Strain

  118. Pingback: 메리트카지노

  119. Pingback: Sour Og Strain

  120. Pingback: Death Star Og Strain

  121. Pingback: Fruity Juice Strain

  122. Pingback: Agent Orange Strain

  123. Pingback: Super Lemon Haze Strain

  124. Pingback: Platinum Gsc Strain

  125. Pingback: Flying Dragon Strain

  126. Pingback: Juicy Fruit Strain

  127. Pingback: Blackberry Kush Strain

  128. Pingback: Super Og Master Kush Strain

  129. Pingback: Violator Kush Strain

  130. Pingback: Deadhead Og Strain

  131. Pingback: Mango Haze Strain

  132. Pingback: Fuma Con Dios Strain

  133. Pingback: Elephant Bud Strain

  134. Pingback: Tangerine Haze Strain

  135. Pingback: Alien Og Strain

  136. Pingback: Fortune Cookies Strain

  137. Pingback: Cotton Candy Strain

  138. Pingback: actos 15 mg usa

  139. Pingback: Bruce Banner Strain

  140. Pingback: Blueberry Headband Strain

  141. Pingback: Trainwreck Strain

  142. Pingback: yabanci escort istanbul

  143. Pingback: Albert Walker Strain

  144. Pingback: Purple Trainwreck Strain

  145. Pingback: Black Diamond Strain

  146. Pingback: Border Collie Puppies For Sale

  147. Pingback: Poodle Puppies for sale

  148. Pingback: Pineapple Kush Strain

  149. Pingback: suriyeli escort fatih

  150. Pingback: cheap amoxicillin 250mg

  151. Pingback: Exile Strain

  152. Pingback: Boston terrier Puppies for sale

  153. Pingback: Pug Puppies For Sale

  154. Pingback: Zkittlez Strain

  155. Pingback: Flashback Strain

  156. Pingback: Dr Feel Good Strain

  157. Pingback: Pure Kush Strain

  158. Pingback: Platinum Kush Strain

  159. Pingback: Blogspot

  160. Pingback: Abusive Og Kush Strain

  161. Pingback: Quick One Strain

  162. Pingback: Kevin David

  163. Pingback: Kevin David Youtube

  164. Pingback: Gravity Strain

  165. Pingback: California Grapefruit Strain

  166. Pingback: Sweet Deep Grapefruit Strain

  167. Pingback: Afghani Bullrider Strain

  168. Pingback: Danky Doodle Strain

  169. Pingback: Durban Poison Strain

  170. Pingback: mushrooms for sale

  171. Pingback: Coast Mushroom

  172. Pingback: Alaskan Thunderfuck Strain

  173. Pingback: Haze Mist Strain

  174. Pingback: Very Berry Haze Strain

  175. Pingback: Diesel Strain

  176. Pingback: Electric Lemon G Strain

  177. Pingback: Voodoo Strain

  178. Pingback: Haze Strain

  179. Pingback: Allen Wrench Strain

  180. Pingback: Ocd Strain

  181. Pingback: Holy Grail Kush Thc Strain

  182. Pingback: Og Kush Thc Oil

  183. Pingback: Sour Diesel Thc Oil

  184. Pingback: Blackberry Kush Thc Oil

  185. Pingback: RV Remodeling Near Me

  186. Pingback: RV Body Repair

  187. Pingback: RV Air Conditioning Near Me

  188. Pingback: RV Roof Replacement

  189. Pingback: RV Interior

  190. Pingback: RV Collision Repair Near Me

  191. Pingback: RV Shop

  192. Pingback: Pax 3 Party Mode

  193. Pingback: Joker

  194. Pingback: Dank Vapes

  195. Pingback: Joker

  196. Pingback: pgslot

  197. Pingback: Joker

  198. Pingback: Poodle Puppies For Sale

  199. Pingback: Diario Que!

  200. Pingback: Frozen Chicken Leg Quarters

  201. Pingback: Icumsa 45 Cane Sugar

  202. Pingback: Puppy in Australia

  203. Pingback: Légalisation Monténégro

  204. Pingback: Légalisation Brésil

  205. Pingback: Légalisation Centrafrique

  206. Pingback: Légalisation Oman

  207. Pingback: Légalisation Djibouti

  208. Pingback: Légalisation Trinité et Tobago

  209. Pingback: Légalisation Moldavie

  210. Pingback: Légalisation Canada

  211. Pingback: Légalisation Madagascar

  212. Pingback: Kingpen Kingpen

  213. Pingback: Exotic Cartridges

  214. Pingback: Cannabis Oil for Sale

  215. Pingback: THC Vape Oil

  216. Pingback: THC Oil for Sale

  217. Pingback: Légalisation Israël

  218. Pingback: Légalisation Jordanie

  219. Pingback: Légalisation Bénin

  220. Pingback: Légalisation Suriname

  221. Pingback: Légalisation Kosovo

  222. Pingback: Légalisation Corée du Sud

  223. Pingback: UptoBox

  224. Pingback: white borneo kratom

  225. Pingback: red vein kratom

  226. Pingback: kratom tea

  227. Pingback: trainwreck kratom

  228. Pingback: red dragon kratom

  229. Pingback: red borneo kratom

  230. Pingback: green malay kratom

  231. Pingback: ceclor 250mg prices

  232. Pingback: ceftin 250 mg online pharmacy

  233. Pingback: celebrex for sale

  234. Pingback: cephalexin australia

  235. Pingback: relationship counselling in Kensington and chelsea

  236. Pingback: stages of rebound relationships

  237. Pingback: I am too scared to date again

  238. Pingback: cipro 1000mg price

  239. Pingback: If a guy doesn’t text you for a week

  240. Pingback: Buy That Face Mask Online

  241. Pingback: K Beauty

  242. Pingback: Korean Face Masks

  243. Pingback: Sheet Masks Online

  244. Pingback: Sheet Mask

  245. Pingback: buy claritin 10 mg

  246. Pingback: fentanyl Patches

  247. Pingback: promethazine for Sale

  248. Pingback: casino online real money

  249. Pingback: Buy Vyvanse online

  250. Pingback: online casino real money paypal

  251. Pingback: online casino real money

  252. Pingback: casino

  253. Pingback: casino slots gambling

  254. Pingback: buy phentermine

  255. Pingback: real money casino online usa

  256. Pingback: slot machine games

  257. Pingback: dpboss guru

  258. Pingback: online casinos usa

  259. Pingback: party casino online nj

  260. Pingback: best home and car insurance quotes companies

  261. Pingback: cheap car insurance quotes online

  262. Pingback: online personal loans

  263. Pingback: allstate insurance car

  264. Pingback: car insurance texas

  265. Pingback: car insurance quotes

  266. Pingback: cheap car insurance quotes online

  267. Pingback: car insurance quotes rates

  268. Pingback: car insurance quotes companies

  269. Pingback: vehicle insurance quotes

  270. Pingback: geico car insurance quotes

  271. Pingback: instant personal loans

  272. Pingback: payday loans las vegas

  273. Pingback: online installment loan

  274. Pingback: northwest quick loans

  275. Pingback: bad credit loans near me

  276. Pingback: online payday loans texas

  277. Pingback: online personal loans for bad credit

  278. Pingback: how much cbd oil should i take

  279. Pingback: best cbd oil for pain management

  280. Pingback: cbd hemp oil benefits amazon

  281. Pingback: how to make cbd oil

  282. Pingback: cbd oil for sale vape

  283. Pingback: puppies for sale

  284. Pingback: cbd oil milford ohio

  285. Pingback: cbd oil benefits 2016 usa

  286. Pingback: charlottes web cbd oil

  287. Pingback: where to buy cbd oil near me

  288. Pingback: mba essay writing services

  289. Pingback: good essay writing service

  290. Pingback: how to write scholarship essay

  291. Pingback: writing an argument essay

  292. Pingback: buy custom essays

  293. Pingback: cheap research paper writers

  294. Pingback: Bioengineering

  295. Pingback: buy nothing day essay

  296. Pingback: assignment helps

  297. Pingback: cleocin 300 mg cheap

  298. Pingback: clomid 100 mg without prescription

  299. Pingback: clonidine over the counter

  300. Pingback: Philadelphia Elibrary

  301. Pingback: Al-Zaytoonah University

  302. Pingback: clozaril prices

  303. Pingback: Online research repository

  304. Pingback: colchicine 0,5mg without prescription

  305. Pingback: symbicort inhaler 160/4,5 mcg generic

  306. Pingback: coreg 25 mg generic

  307. Pingback: coumadin uk

  308. Pingback: cymbalta online pharmacy

  309. Pingback: dapsone 1000caps pharmacy

  310. Pingback: ddavp 0.1mg nz

  311. Pingback: diamox 250mg usa

  312. Pingback: order differin 15g

  313. Pingback: diltiazem otc

  314. Pingback: how to buy doxycycline 100mg

  315. Pingback: dramamine 50 mg without prescription

  316. Pingback: erythromycin 250mg without a prescription

  317. Pingback: etodolac nz

  318. Pingback: flomax 0,4mg online

  319. Pingback: geodon 20mg australia

  320. Pingback: hyzaar united states

  321. Pingback: imdur online

  322. Pingback: imodium 2 mg australia

  323. Pingback: content

  324. Pingback: imuran 25mg without a prescription

  325. Pingback: indocin 75 mg cheap

  326. Pingback: lamisil 250 mg united states

  327. Pingback: levaquin otc

  328. Pingback: buy lopid 300mg

  329. Pingback: order lopressor

  330. Pingback: luvox 100mg united states

  331. Pingback: macrobid 100mg uk

  332. Pingback: cheap meclizine 25mg

  333. Pingback: micardis 20 mg united states

  334. Pingback: how to buy mobic

  335. Pingback: motrin 200mg online pharmacy

  336. Pingback: nortriptyline 25 mg generic

  337. Pingback: phenergan 25 mg cheap

  338. Pingback: where to buy plaquenil

  339. Pingback: prevacid 15 mg online pharmacy

  340. Pingback: prilosec without a doctor prescription

  341. Pingback: proair inhaler nz

  342. Pingback: proscar cost

  343. Pingback: protonix online pharmacy

  344. Pingback: how to buy provigil

  345. Pingback: where can i buy pyridium

  346. Pingback: reglan 10 mg no prescription

  347. Pingback: remeron 15mg nz

  348. Pingback: retin-a cream cheap

  349. Pingback: revatio 20 mg online pharmacy

  350. Pingback: risperdal 2mg usa

  351. Pingback: robaxin 500 mg online

  352. Pingback: cheapest rogaine 5%

  353. Pingback: buy seroquel 25mg

  354. Pingback: singulair online

  355. Pingback: cheap skelaxin

  356. Pingback: spiriva over the counter

  357. Pingback: toprol online pharmacy

  358. Pingback: how to purchase tricor

  359. Pingback: where to buy valtrex

  360. Pingback: vantin 200 mg tablets

  361. Pingback: cheapest verapamil 120 mg

  362. Pingback: voltaren without a prescription

  363. Pingback: wellbutrin prices

  364. Pingback: zanaflex 4 mg without a prescription

  365. Pingback: this hyperlink

  366. Pingback: zocor coupon

  367. Pingback: zovirax canada

  368. Pingback: zyloprim 300 mg for sale

  369. Pingback: zyprexa price

  370. Pingback: zyvox usa

  371. Pingback: sildenafil generic

  372. Pingback: tadalafil nz

  373. Pingback: where can i buy furosemide

  374. Pingback: escitalopram pharmacy

  375. Pingback: aripiprazole 15 mg price

  376. Pingback: pioglitazone 15 mg canada

  377. Pingback: spironolactone 25 mg canada

  378. Pingback: glimepiride purchase

  379. Pingback: meclizine 25mg no prescription

  380. Pingback: cheap leflunomide

  381. Pingback: atomoxetine usa

  382. Pingback: anastrozole without a doctor prescription

  383. Pingback: irbesartan prices

  384. Pingback: buy dutasteride 0,5 mg

  385. Pingback: olmesartan 20mg for sale

  386. Pingback: buspirone 5mg cost

  387. Pingback: order clonidine 0.1 mg

  388. Pingback: cefuroxime 500 mg tablets

  389. Pingback: citalopram 10 mg coupon

  390. Pingback: cephalexin no prescription

  391. Pingback: buy ciprofloxacin

  392. Pingback: cost of clozapine 100 mg

  393. Pingback: prochlorperazine 5mg pharmacy

  394. Pingback: carvedilol uk

  395. Pingback: warfarin 2mg coupon

  396. Pingback: rosuvastatin 10mg price

  397. Pingback: desmopressin 10 mcg australia

  398. Pingback: where can i buy tolterodine 1mg

  399. Pingback: acetazolamide cost

  400. Pingback: fluconazole 50 mg pharmacy

  401. Pingback: phenytoin australia

  402. Pingback: how to purchase oxybutynin 2.5mgoxybutynin tablet

  403. Pingback: doxycycline 100 mg over the counter

  404. Pingback: bisacodyl 5 mg pricebisacodyl nz

  405. Pingback: venlafaxine 75 mg usa

  406. Pingback: permethrin 30g online

  407. Pingback: how to buy estradiol 2 mg

  408. Pingback: etodolac 300 mg nz

  409. Pingback: baxkemun

  410. Pingback: what happens when women take viagra

  411. Pingback: viagra wat kost dat

  412. Pingback: where can i buy nitrofurantoin

  413. Pingback: what is the difference between a z-pak and a tri-pak of zithromax

  414. Pingback: hydrochlorothiazide 10 mg usa

  415. Pingback: isosorbide united states

  416. Pingback: sumatriptan pharmacy

  417. Pingback: where can i buy loperamide 2 mg

  418. Pingback: buy generic cialis online

  419. Pingback: viagra

  420. Pingback: where can i buy azathioprine 25 mg

  421. Pingback: propranolol online

  422. Pingback: viagra comprar

  423. Pingback: professional essay writing service

  424. Pingback: how to write a research grant proposal

  425. Pingback: essay writing about my favourite teacher

  426. Pingback: help me with my college essay

  427. Pingback: essay topics for business ethics

  428. Pingback: lamotrigine 50mg online pharmacy

  429. Pingback: terbinafine 250mg tablets

  430. Pingback: levofloxacin 500 mg price

  431. Pingback: levothyroxine mcg canada

  432. Pingback: amoxil 500mg capsules

  433. Pingback: buy cheap lasix without prescription

  434. Pingback: atorvastatin tablet

  435. Pingback: azithromycin cost in india

  436. Pingback: buy ivermectin for humans australia

  437. Pingback: buy ventolin inhaler

  438. Pingback: clotrimazole 10g united states

  439. Pingback: doxycycline cat

  440. Pingback: prednisolone 60 mg

  441. Pingback: clomid estrogen blocker

  442. Pingback: priligy tablets cost

  443. Pingback: diflucan medscape

  444. Pingback: synthroid tabs

  445. Pingback: metoclopramide 10mg nz

  446. Pingback: generic propecia usa

  447. Pingback: neurontin warnings

  448. Pingback: metformin gestational diabetes

  449. Pingback: paxil withdrawl help

  450. Pingback: plaquenil and lupus

  451. Pingback: how to write a good tinder bio guy

  452. Pingback: absolutely 100 free dating sites

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

3 + twenty =

News is information about current events. News is provided through many different media: word of mouth, printing, postal systems, broadcasting, electronic communication, and also on the testimony of observers and witnesses to events. It is also used as a platform to manufacture opinion for the population.

Contact Info

Address:
D 601  Riddhi Sidhi CHSL
Unnant Nagar Road 2
Kamaraj Nagar, Goreagaon West
Mumbai 400062 .

Email Id: [email protected]

West Bengal

Eastern Regional Office
Indsamachar Digital Media
Siddha Gibson 1,
Gibson Lane, 1st floor, R. No. 114,
Kolkata – 700069.
West Bengal.

Office Address

251 B-Wing,First Floor,
Orchard Corporate Park, Royal Palms,
Arey Road, Goreagon East,
Mumbai – 400065.

Download Our Mobile App

IndSamachar Android App IndSamachar IOS App
To Top
WhatsApp WhatsApp us