In Punjab, Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar has developed a device ‘Jivan Vayu’ which can be used as a substitute for CPAP machines. The machine uses mild air pressure to keep the airways open for easy breathing. This is the nation’s first such device which functions even without electricity and is adapted to both kinds of oxygen generation units like O2 cylinders and oxygen pipelines in hospitals. These provisions are not available in otherwise existing CPAP machines.
The Assistant Professor, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Dr. Khushboo Rakha, who has developed the device at the Advanced Materials and Design Lab of IIT, said, it is also used to treat infants whose lungs have not fully developed. The machine blows air into the baby’s nose to help inflate his or her lungs. The treatment is all the more necessary during early stages of the COVID-19 infection. It reduces lung damage and allows patients to recover from the inflammatory effects. She said, fulfilling all the medically required parameters, this leak-proof, low-cost CPAP delivery system, “Jivan Vayu’ is designed for a 22 m.m. CPAP closed circuit tube. It can even be customized as per the size of the tube. Since it can run during power failures, this can be used to safely transport a patient.
Dr Rakha said, it has an inbuilt viral filter at the air entertainment end which has a viral efficacy of 99.99 per cent. The viral filter ensures that the air does not bring in any pathogens from the environment. The device has been manufactured using 3D printing and has also been tested mechanically.
Dr. Rakha and her team have collaborated with Mr. Suresh Chand, Faculty In-charge, Rapid Prototyping Lab, Siemens Centre of Excellence at Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh for 3D printing of the device. The device is ready for medical testing and mass manufacturing.