State news

Himachal Pradesh gets 1st Biodiversity Park at Mandi’s Bhulah valley

Over the years, industrial development has led to the decline of many forest covers and releasing this point, conscious efforts are being made to preserve our biodiversity.

Biodiversity Parks are a very interesting way and an innovative approach to the green environment with reference to conservation of biodiversity. Basically, it is a concerted effort to make balance between nature and mankind.

In this row, Himachal Pradesh gets the first biodiversity park to make its contribution towards the conservation of endangered Himalayan herbs. This park is set to come up at Mandi’s Bhulah valley.

HP’s first Biodiversity Park:

With the cost of Rs 1 crore, the biodiversity park is set up under the National Mission on Himalayan Studies (NMHS) by HP’s forest department. The aim of the park is to link tourism activities along with extending new opportunities for researchers to conduct in-depth exploration of various medicinal herbs found in the Himalayas that are on the verge of extinction.

Apart from this, a herbal nursery to conserve herbs that are about to be extinct in the mountains has also been set up in the park, which has Trillidium Govanianum (Nagchhatri), Dhoop, Picrorhiza kurroa (Kadu), Sarpagandha, Swerlia Chiryita (Chirayita), Barbari, Angelica glauca (Chaura), Coleus gromalicus (Pathanbel), Pathar chata, Selinum vaginatum (Bhutkesi), Nyar, Valeriana Wallichi (Mushkwala), Thymus Linearis (Van Ajwain), Kuth, Acorus Calamus (Barre), Asparagus (Sansarpali), Potentilla Nepalensis (Dori Ghass), Ratan Jot, Aconitum heterophyllum (Atish Patish), Padophyllumhexandrum (Van Kakdi), Dioscorea delloidea (Shingli Mingli), Jangli Lahsun, Adiantum lunulatum (Dungtuli) and many similar herbs and shrubs on display.

Not only this, but two log huts, a water harvesting structure, an internal tank, a 5KW power generation project, bird nests, and a sales centre have also been set up at the park.

Since, the objective of the park is to conduct in-depth exploration of various medicinal herbs, any research scholar from India or abroad can avail information about these herbs to pursue the research work. In this herbal nursery, about 1,200 plants of different species are available. Amphitheatres have been built in the park for the convenience of researchers and tourists.

Why Biodiversity parks are Important?:

Biological diversity is a precious resource intended for the continued existence of mankind, and hence, conserving biodiversity is concerned with restoring the equilibrium between humans & the atmosphere. Important role of Biodiversity Parks include:

– A nature reserve for the conservation of the natural heritage of the city
– Enhancing the quality of the urban environment
– Serving as a hub for education, cultural and conservation activities
– Connecting biodiversity to the city and people
– Promoting eco-tourism
– Creating livelihood for local communities
– Preserving the rare endemic and threatened plant and animal species of the area

Biodiversity Parks are the need of the hour. If conserved properly, it will benefit the human population in particular and the natural environment in general.

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